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A policy has been defined by Dunner (3) as a commitment by a government to a statement of value objectives. A pro gram is a definite plan adopted by a government to carry out the policy. Policies and programs are subject to change from time to time. Drainage policies and programs in Canada are covered partly by Acts of the Legislatures, partly by Agreements and partly by Orders-in-Councils. A review of these was made by Roberts (6) and by the Conservation Committee of the Agricultural Institute of Canada (1). Policies and pro grams have changed and new ones have been developed since that time. Land drainage policies are to assist and/or encourage farmers to carry out a wide range of drainage improvements which will increase productivity. A good policy must be based upon public acceptance. The policy must also be relevant and ensure that there is no duplication of effort between organizations. Responsibility for implementing the policies must be defined and recognized. Policies which promote the draining of additional lands during periods of low prices and product surpluses may be questioned. However, the problem is not whether these lands will add more to the surplus but whether these lands will supply food at a lower cost than other land already under production. The draining of good land may therefore require other low income lands now used for crops to be abandoned or to be used in some less intensive way.
land drainage policies and programs
Irwin, R.W. and H.D. Ayers 1970. LAND DRAINAGE POLICIES AND PROGRAMS. Canadian Agricultural Engineering 12(2):110-113.
110 - 113