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Although the transition rate towards replacing fossil fuels with renewable energies is increasing worldwide, utilizing renewable resources and deployment of appropriate technologies are still challenges yet to be addressed in developing countries. Biomass feedstock in Bolivia, as a renewable resource of energy, is receiving increased attention not only to increase the electricity access, but also to ensure a sustainable and secure energy supply for future generations. The research objectives are to estimate the residue biomass available throughout Bolivia, a south American country, for energy generation purposes, as well as using GIS to locate the suitable site for corresponding biomass-based energy conversion facilities. There are no previous studies conducted to determine the type, quantity and distribution of biomass residues that can be sustainably collected to produce energy in Bolivia. This study quantifies the sustainable residue biomass available throughout the country using crop production statistical information. Such information is further modified applying correcting factors, including the residue leftover for animal feeding, soil conservation, etc., collected from previous studies in neighboring countries. Subsequently, the GIS technology is used to create maps regarding the spatial distribution of residues in order to identify larger residue producer municipalities. In addition, a location-allocation analysis, using ArcGIS software, is conducted to find the optimum location for biomass-based energy facilities considering environmental, social and economic factors. Based on this quantification, the major residues come from sugarcane, soybean, corn, rice, sorghum and sunflower. These results demonstrate the vast potential in country Bolivia to replace fossil fuels with residue biomass in producing energy.
Bolivia, Biomass, Electricity, GIS
CSBE/SCGAB 2017 Annual Conference, Canad Inns Polo Park, Winnipeg, Manitoba, 6-10 August 2017.
Session 5A: Innovative Approaches to Bioenergy Production
Canadian Society for Bioengineering