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Utilization and disposal of waste is a major concern in various jurisdictions in Alberta and Canada. The wastes are mostly comprised of municipal solid waste (MSW), agricultural residue (straw, livestock manure and on-farm dead), forest residue (roadside residues, mill waste) and waste heat from various industries. The amount of MSW as well as agricultural and forest residues available in the province of Alberta was estimated at 4.09 Mt/yr, 6.53 Mt/yr and 4.1 Mt/yr, respectively. Major portion of these wastes could be potentially diverted from being landfilled or burned to being utilized for energy production. This research focuses on Edmonton Industrial Heartland (AIH), in first phase, and the whole province of Alberta, in the second phase, to assess the utilization of waste material/energy for production of value-added products, particularly heat and electricity. This study includes development of extensive techno-economic models. Geographic information system (GIS) is as well used to identify the suitable locations for waste-to-energy conversion facilities via conducting exclusion, preference, and location-allocation analysis. Suitable locations are afterwards economically assessed for various waste conversion technologies along with optimization of size and identification of most optimal location(s). One waste-to-value added facility for AIH and 10 facilities for the province of Alberta are at the end recommended with exact geographical location and estimated cost of potential value-added products to be produced.
waste management, agricultural residue, MSW, electricity, GIS
CSBE/SCGAB 2017 Annual Conference, Canad Inns Polo Park, Winnipeg, Manitoba, 6-10 August 2017.
Session 5A: Innovative Approaches to Bioenergy Production
Canadian Society for Bioengineering