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Globally, food and water security are threatened by a number of socioeconomic and environmental factors including population growth, climate change and changes in land-use. These threats affect the availability, accessibility, utilization and stability of food and water resources required to achieve food and water security. Food and water security are linked primarily through the agricultural sector of food production, where a lack of water may result in lower yield and lead to food scarcity. Conversely, agricultural management processes may lead to contamination of water resources, highlighting the importance of evaluating food and water security using an interdisciplinary approach. Indigenous communities in Canada continue to be affected by numerous political, environmental and socioeconomic challenges to food and water security. These challenges may be related to physical and human geography, political and economic barriers, or food and water resources management and policies. In Southern Ontario, the community of Six Nations is facing obstacles to food and water security that may be associated with growing stresses in the region due to population growth, urban development and climate change. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the state of food and water security in the Six Nations region in Southern Ontario, and investigate the associated socioeconomic and environmental pressures in the area. The study also highlights the importance of incorporating traditional knowledge and community involvement into the assessment of food and water security, identification of threats and future development of solutions.
food security, water security, Indigenous communities, availability, accessibility
CSBE/SCGAB 2017 Annual Conference, Canad Inns Polo Park, Winnipeg, Manitoba, 6-10 August 2017.
Canadian Society for Bioengineering