Authors: S. Godbout, J. Palacios, P. Brassard, F. Pelletier, S.P. Lemay and D. Bussières
Identifier: CSBE11414
Download file: https://library.csbe-scgab.ca/docs/meetings/2011/CSBE11414.pdf
Published in: CSBE-SCGAB Technical Conferences » AGM Winnipeg 2011

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Description: Rising energy cost pushes toward the development of new sustainable green energy. In that context, biomass combustion of wood, switchgrass or willow could be an interesting way to produce green energy (heat or electricity). Emissions and energy produced from wood combustion are well documented, but it is not the case for other biomass. The main objective of this study is to measure and compare the emissions and energy produced from the direct combustion of wood and three different biomasses (dried solid pig manure, switchgrass and willow). This paper will discuss the energy production aspect. A biomass pellet stove producing between 1.5 and 20 kW, installed in a calorimetric room, is used to burn biomass. The room is isolated and ventilated with fresh air in order to extract heat released by the stove. The room temperature is controlled by varying the fresh air flow. Mass burn rate, air flow rate, and dry-bulb temperature and humidity are measured on a continuous base to carry out a complete heat balance. The biomass calorific value is measured in laboratory for every trial. As result, the agricultural biomasses used had similar heating values than wood without significant differences. Important differences among wood and agricultural biomasses, like the lower heating value and the combustion efficiency, could be avoided by adapting the appliance for these materials. Thus agricultural biomasses showed an important potential as a source of renewable energy production.

Keywords: biomass, combustion, energy balance, heating value
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Citation: Energy production from direct combustion of agricultural biomass on farm. 2011. S. Godbout, J. Palacios, P. Brassard, F. Pelletier, S.P. Lemay and D. Bussières. CSBE/SCGAB 2011 Annual Conference, Inn at the Forks, Winnipeg, Mb. 10-13 July 2011
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Date: 2011-08-01
Technical field: Renewable Energy
Conference name: CSBE/SCGAB 2011 Annual Conference, Inn at the Forks, Winnipeg, Mb. 10-13 July 2011
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Type: Text.Article
Format: PDF
Publication type: Technical conference
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Coverage: Canada
Language 1: en
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Rights: Canadian Society for Bioengineering
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