Authors: Irwin, Ross W.
Download file:
Published in: CBE Journal » CBE Journal Volume 19 (1977)

Download RAW file:
Description: A cistern is an artificial reservoir, often located in a basement or underground, for storing rainwater collected from runoff from roofs or paved catchment areas. Cisterns have been used to store rain water from ancient times. For example, the city of Venice used 177 public and 1,900 private cisterns as the principal source of water well into the 16th Century (Anonymous 1860). Yet, for this history of use, an intensive library search has yielded little information on cistern design. Roof drainage stored in cisterns has been a principal source of water in rural Ontario for many years. A survey of water sources (Farm Economics Branch 1966) carried out a decade ago identified the usage of cisterns on farms (Table I). Rainwater is a supplementary source of water in areas devoid of satisfactory ground water and surface water supplies. In some communities where the ground water is high in total dissolved solids, roof drainage is used principally for household work and general washing purposes because of its softness. Domestic use exceeds livestock use (Table I) and is probably a function of the volume of useful water in storage. That is, livestock use a greater volume of water and the cistern would not be a dependable source. Some areas depend on cisterns extensively, such as Haldimand County which reported 71% of households using cisterns as a source of water.

Keywords: cistern for domestic water use
Citation: Irwin, Ross W. 1977. CISTERN FOR DOMESTIC WATER USE. Canadian Agricultural Engineering 19(1):12-14.
Volume: 19
Issue: 1
Pages 12 - 14
Date: 1977
Technical field:
Conference name:
Session name:

Other information:
Publication type:
Coverage: Canada
Language 1:
Language 2:
Other files: