Authors: Israel Dunmade,
Published in: CSBE-SCGAB Technical Conferences » 5th CIGR and AGM Quebec City 2021 » Regular Sessions
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Description: Governments of many developing countries like Nigeria have over the years made several attempts to solve energy problems that have plagued the nation for several decades. Despite the heavy investments, privatization and other far reaching policy improvements made to address the problems, the country is still suffering from epileptic energy supply due to frequent breakdowns and other related issues. This study examined the sociotechnical factors affecting energy production, consumption and energy infrastructure maintenance in developing economies like Nigeria. The goal of the study is to identify effective sustainable changes that could be made to address the perennial problems. The methodology of the study involved an intensive literature survey and site observations. There was also a survey of trends in government energy policies and investments in energy programs/ infrastructures both at the Federal and State levels. Information was gathered from government and energy agencies' websites and thoroughly studied. In addition, trends in attitudinal/behaviour changes with regard to energy use by consumers and attitudinal/behaviour changes in technicians involved in repairs and maintenance of Nigerian energy infrastructure were examined. Preliminary results from the ongoing study showed a significant attitudinal problems in form of not paying energy bills, leaving systems using energy running when they are not in use, equipment theft, illegal connections, bribery of technicians and agency officials, carefree attitude and lack of attention to quality in maintenance, and acquisition of aging and outdated equipment. Identified solutions to the problems include consistent public education on the need for sustainable/renewable energy production and consumption, citizens mobilization and empowerment to resist unscrupulous technical officials against illegal connections and theft, reorientation and retraining of technicians on a regular basis, and investment in participatory design and production of energy equipment of locally appropriate size and technological complexity. It is believed that implementation of these recommendations will go a long way in solving, or at least ameliorating, the Nigerian energy problems.
Conference name: 5th CIGR International Conference and CSBE-SCGAB AGM 2021, Quebec City,QC, 11-14 May 2021.
Session name: Energy 2 - Renewable Systems & Energy Efficiency
Publication type: Presentation
Language 1: en
Rights: Canadian Society for Bioengineering